This general with the South African Republic made a reputation during the First Boer War (1880-81), but suffered a humiliating defeat in the Second Boer War (1899-1902) at the Battle of Paardeberg in 1900 in which he surrendered and was captured with his wife and more than 4,000 troops. Item #44168
Large, bold signature in black ink on a 3½" X 3" slip, n.p., n.y. Very good. Faint folds and barely visible staple holes at upper left. Accompanied by a bizarre, intriguing letter of transmittal from one E.E. Morse, 1p, 8" X 10¼", Brighton Beach, NY, 2 June 1905. Addressed to Frank Stiasny. Very good. Bit if wear and light folds. On letterhead proclaiming "Boer War Spectacle," Morse sends "In accordance with Captain Lewis' directions... the signature of General Cronje...." Just north Of Coney Island was a site at which famed disasters (the Galveston Flood, Fall of Pompeii) and spectacles were reenacted on a grand sale for the amusement of the public. In 1905 a reenactment of the disastrous Battle of Paardeberg, a Saint Louis World's Fair spectacle, was brought to Brighton Beach and Arthur Lewis persuaded General Cronje and other actual participants to join the reenactment (which ended with Cronje's surrender) during the summer of 1905. It was during the U.S. visit that Cronje penned this signature.